Hattox, Ralph S. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. Coffee and Coffeehouses has 70 ratings and 11 reviews. J.M. said: Not so much a history of coffee and its public institutions, as a look at how something. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Front Cover. Ralph S Hattox. University of Washington Press,

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Full text of “Coffee And Coffeehouses”

In spite of the considerable respect in which he was held by scholars of his time, Sunbatl was subjected to the merciless poetic satire that is the customary lot of one whose decision, unpopular with the literati, is overturned by a higher authority. Once uncooked grape juice has been allowed to ferment, it becomes, in its very essence, khamr. Their reluctance to have their activities discovered does, however, suggest something perhaps a bit more sinister.

Clearly, then, by restricting their definition of khamrthe Hanafis make it possible for an alcoholic bev- erage to be legal, while prohibiting one that might have no alcohol at all, simply because khamr is not an acciden- tal but an essential attribute, one that no treatment can remove. The taking of coffee in the Sufi dhikr was, nonetheless, a social event of a very particular sort.

The second point to be made about these early prohibi- tions is that, far from starting off as an issue solely of inter- est to the religiously inclined who sought to express their alarm over this new habit, it was, from the first, a matter with which the civil authorities were very much concerned.

In addition, one often finds vaguely sketched objections to things that can- not be pinned down and condemned as contrary to the pre- cepts of the adn law, but cofvee are nevertheless irksome, censurable, and generally objectionable in the context of uncodified cultural tradition.

So are you among those who desist?

Nonethe- less, according to the Ottoman chronicler Ibrahim Peqevi The Rise of the Coffeehouse 77coffee, the coffeehouse, and all concomitant trappings were introduced as a complete package to Istan- bul by the two Syrians Hakm and Shams around Owing to their acceptance of another hadith that also prohibits potent beverages made from dates and raisins, the Hanafis admit these two classes of beverages to the category of khamr.

Published October 1st by University of Washington Clffeehouses. It might also have been thought good for pregnant women: He became a physician of the coffeehousees skill, and after much experimentation determined that the growing use of coffee was responsible not only for his own ills, but for those of the general public as well.


Preview — Coffee and Coffeehouses by Ralph S. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Jun 02, Avempace rated it really liked it.

Mustafa Altug Yayla rated it liked it Jan 11, But by exploring possible political motivations for opposition to the habit, such as by city administrators concerned about unseemly behaviour in coffeehouses that looked too much like taverns, we have a lively sense of the social setting in which all coffeehouwes this moralizing took place.

The report concludes by saying that coffee was then completely forgotten until the beginning of the tenth [A. Interior of a Turkish Caffinet Alloin Yet it is not primarily in this that we must look for the answer, but rather in the fact that the coffeehouse provided the sixteenth-century urbanite with an excuse to do something that he obviously had a desperate urge to do — to get out of the house.

Coffee and Coffeehouses / Ralph S. Hattox | STC – Specialty Turkish Coffee

This role of the coffeehouse as locus ans social intercourse was clearly what, hatttox the end, fueled the controversy sur- rounding coffee. Human physiology not having changed much in four hundred years, these effects were noticed by the earliest drinkers as well. Hattx must admit that they have their own bi- ases, and employ their interpretations with correspond- ing judiciousness.

Among the most no- table of these were the English poet, Sir George Sandysthe French traveler, Jean de Thevenot 67 and, though of a later period, the German traveler and explorer, Carsten Niebuhr Kopi punya sejarah yang panjang sejak diperkenalkan di dunia oleh peradaban muslim sehingga pusat peradaban beralih ke barat, kopi tidak lepas menjadi bahan komoditi.

Conse- quently it is not clear whether at this very early stage coffee was consumed as a beverage, which was the first necessary step toward the development and popularity of coffeehouses.

This is a fascinating book on the rise of coffee in the Middle East and its public acceptance and consumption, as reflected in the parallel emergence of coffee houses, that comes with an interesting twist. To ask other readers questions about Coffee and Coffeehousesplease sign up. When it does so they add the powdered coffee, using about a healthy spoonful for every three cups of water.

Faced with the task of in- vestigating the application of Islamic law to some specific question, I chose that of the prohibition of coffee. Biddulph mentions that in Aleppo the patrons sit not so much in the houses, as on the benches near the houses. Near Eastern studies, University of Washington: JazTrl him- self, in writing on the same subject, notes that one must be cautious of this pitfall.


The official decree arrived some time later from Cairo, but, while it echoed the original disapproval of the social gatherings for coffee drinking, it failed to pro- hibit the drink itself. He laments that physicians of his own day had squandered the inheritance of learning left them by the masters of former times, and contented themselves with being considered consummate scholars by the rabble. This innovation is often attributed to the scholar and Sufi, Muhammad al- DhabhanT, who died circa Turkish coffee, when first poured, is turbid with telvethe powdery grounds which, left undis- turbed, settle in about a minute into a thick mud at the bottom of the cup, leaving an inch and a half or so of clear coffee on top.

The routes taken by the Hanafts on the one hand, and the Shafkis, Malikls, and Hanballs on the other, ob- viously lead them to very different destinations, although all schools rely on the same types of evidence, of which in this case there are two. At any rate, the Meccans were not about to let a decree from Istanbul cheat them of their by now well- established pleasures. I feel it necessary here to say a word or two about the system of transliteration I employ.

Coffee and Coffeehouses / Ralph S. Hattox

The fact is that as soon as it became widespread, coffee did indeed draw the attention of those who wrote letters, essays, legal decisions, and books, to the extent that the reputation of coffee often preceded its actual arrival in an area. Social Norms, Social Symbols Appendix: Qahwa, though, seems gen- erally to be applied to a class of brewed beverages that contribute to wakefulness and are prepared in a specific way, though not necessarily from the same material.

It is odd enough that, in Yemen, the proper country of which the coffee plant is a native, there should be cocfee little coffee drunk. The proximity of Yemen to Ethiopia of course makes it quite understandable that there would be significant contact between the two regions, as well there had been, going back to the pre-Christian era.